Kaziranga Wildlife Safari Assam plays a key role among the other national parks in the East Zone Wildlife Safaris of India. In the year 1904 it was decided to protect the area when the wife of Viceroy of India Mary Curzon visited this area as this area was very well known for its one-horned rhinoceros and when she could not able to a single one the lady pursued her husband to take necessary steps to protect the diminish species as a result on 1905 1st June the proposed Kaziranga Wildlife Safari Assam was constituted at an area of 232 km². The park was further extended over three years by 152 km² to the Brahmaputra Rivers bank, the park was declared as “Reserve Forest”, in 1916 the park was redesignated as “Kaziranga Game Sanctuary” as the park was treated as a hunting ground for the East India Company till 1938 when it was opened for visitors to enter the park. In 1950 the forest conservationist P.D. Stacey renamed Kaziranga game century as “Kaziranga Wildlife Sanctuary.” To protect the rhinoceros a bill was passed by Assam Government in 1954 which was meant for heavy penalties for poaching of rhinoceros, in the year 1968 Kaziranga was designated as National Park by the Government of Assam the area of 430 km² was given official status on 1974 and further later on after 11 years on 1985 Kaziranga Wildlife Safari Assam was declared as ” World Heritage Site” by UNESCO.
Geographical Location and Reachability
Kaziranga Wildlife Safari Assam is located in the two districts of Assam the Bokakhat subdivision of Golaghat district and Kaliabor subdivision of Nagaon district. The park is located at latitude 26°45’N and 26°30’N and longitudes 93°08′ E and 93°36’E. Kaziranga Wildlife Safari Assam has spread over an area of 378 km² by lengthwise the park approximately 40km from east to west and 14 km breadth from north to south. Due to increase in the population of wildlife inside Kaziranga Wildlife Safari Assam 429km² was added in addition along the present boundary of the park and separately designated the national park status as a safe corridor for the safe movement of animals to Karbi Anglong hills. There are som different types of stories the park being named as “Kaziranga”.
According to the old resources, three stories are there the park might be named after one of the stories. A girl named Ranga and a boy named Kazi from Karbi Anglong fell in love and this match was not acceptable to their families, as a result, they both gone inside this jungle and never came again. The second story is a saint from the sixteenth century once blessed a childless couple Kazi and Rangai asked them to dis a big pond in that region so that the name would live on. The name Kaziranga might have been derived from the meaning Kazi means “the land of goats ” in the Karbi language and rangai means “red”, so the whole meaning is the “land of red goats” as “Kaziranga.
Kaziranga Wildlife Safari is very well connected by road, rail, and air. The nearest airport is Guwahati, 200 km, the nearest railway station to Kaziranga is Furkating, 75 kilometers which are well connected to Guwahati. It is always best advised for the tourist those coming to Assam first time should take the taxi from Guwahati or else can opt for the train from Guwahati to Furkating then take a taxi from there to Kaziranga, if you opt for a taxi from Guwahati it is 210 kilometers approx 5-6 journey to reach here at Kaziranga Wildlife Safari Assam.
Things to See Inside Kaziranga Wildlife Safari Assam
Kaziranga Wildlife Safari Assam can be explored either by Jeep Safari or through the elephent ride, elephant ride should be most preferable as you can enter to those innermost areas of the jungle where the vehicle could not and the chances of spotting wildlife is more than the jeep safari. Being a wildlife website we will only discuss the wildlife spotting about Kaziranga though the near most areas can be visited by the tourist while coming to Kaziranga Wildlife Safari Assam, like a beautiful tea garden and some historical and religious places in the nearby areas.
Kaziranga Wildlife Safari Assam was got the status of Tiger Reserve in the year 2006 due to the high density of tiger that is found in all the protected areas across the world.The park is the home of 35 mammalian species out of which 15 species are threatened as per IUCN Red list. Kaziranga Wildlife Safari Assam is famous for two other things it is the home of the world famous one-horned rhinoceros almost two third of the park is acquired by these and the second thing is the park is also famous for the highest population of Asiatic water buffaloes. As per the census conducted by the Government of Assam and some recognized NGOs on 2015 the population of rhinoceros in Kaziranga was 2401 which comprises of 1651 adult, 294 sub-adults, 251 juveniles and 205 cubs, perhaps the habitat of Kaziranga is most favorable for the breeding of rhinoceros here. Kaziranga Wildlife Safari Assam also the home of wild Asiatic water buffalo(1666), eastern swamp deer (468), Indian elephant (1930), gaur (30) and sambar (58), the park is the only home of black panthers found in India. Kaziranga is full of wildlife, other small mammals like the pygmy hog, hispid hare, wild boar, golden jackal, large Indian civet, sloth bear, Chinese pangolin, Indian pangolin, Bengal fox and Indan small mongoose can be spotted out while roaming inside the park.
For bird watchers, it also to the home of the several migratory birds, water birds, predators scavengers and game birds. Birds such as ferruginous duck, lesser white-fronted goose, Baer’s poached duck, black-necked stork, Asian open bill stork migrate from Central Asia to Kaziranga Wildlife Safari Assam during winter. The park is the home of seven species of vultures. Besides birds, Kaziranga is the home of two largest species of snakes the reticulated python and the rock python also the home of the world’s most venomous snake The King Cobra, also the home of other snakes like Indian cobra, monocled cobra, Russel’s viper and the common krait.
So Kaziranga Wildlife Sanctuary Assam gives chances to anyone whether he is a bird watcher, an animals lovers or reptiles watchers. If you are planning to visit Kaziranga you must plan to spend at least two days inside the park to enjoy the natural beauty and its inmates completely.