Manas Tiger Reserve Assam comes under Manas National Park an UNESCO World Heritage site located in the Himalayan foothills. The name ” Manas” is derived from the basilisk goddess Manasa. The park was used as the hunting ground by the royal family of the Cooch Behar and Raja of Gauripur, before being declared as a national park it was a reserve forest in the name of Manas R.F. and North Kamrup R.F. Manas national park was declared as a century on 19828 with an area of 360 km² later on 1951 and 1955 the area was further increased to 391km². On 25th February 2008 the area was further increased to 950 km² with the addition of Kahitama R.F, the Kokilabari R.F. and the Panbari R.F. in the year 1990. UNESCO declared this place as a World Heritage site in danger on 1992 due to heavy poaching and terrorist activities.
Location & Geographical Reachability
Manas Tiger Reserve Assam is well connected with road, rail, and air, either you come in any of the three options you have to get down at Guwahati as Guwahati is the center point of connection for the three ways from here by road it is 176 km on National Highway 31 adjoins Barpeta Road which is 22 kilometers t Bansbari the entry point to Manas where Musa Jungle Retreat is located which takes around 5-6 hours of drive by hiring a cab. Manas Tiger Reserve Assam falls in five districts Chirang, Baksa, Derrang, Udalguti and Kokrajhar in the state of Assam. Manas Tiger Reserve is divided into three ranges the central range at Bansbari near Barpeta road, the eastern at Bhuiyapara near Pathsala and the western range is based at Panbari, the ranges were not well connected , most visitors comes to Bansbari and then some time inside forest at Mathanguri near the river banks of Manas river near Bhutan border.
Manas Tiger Reserve Assam is located in the foothill of Himalayan ranges and densely forested with rich green forest. The Manas river a major tributary of Brahmaputra flows as a main river inside the national park and it splits into two different rivers namely the Beki and the Bholkaduba when it touches the plains.Manas Tiger Reserve Assam receives around 333 cm rainfall during the year due to its presence in the foothills of the Eastern Himalayan region.The average temperature of the national park is 15 °c to 37 °c.
Things to see inside Manas Tiger Reserve Assam
Manas Tiger Reserve Assam is was declared earlier as a World Heritage Site in danger due to highly poaching activities of animals by the terrorists for making weapons from the skin, due to the highly poaching Manas Tiger Reserve Assam lost all of its inmates the rhinoceros at that time now starts growing in their population. The national park is famous for its endangered endemic species like Assam roofed turtle, hispid hare, golden langur, and pigmy hog. Manas Tiger Reserve Assam is the home of 55 species of mammals, 380 species of birds, 50 of reptiles and 3 species of amphibians, out of these 21 mammals are India’s scheduled I mammals and 31 of them are threatened. The inmates here the mammals include Indian elephants, gaurs, Asian water buffaloes, Indian rhinoceros, capped langurs, clouded leopards, Asian golden cats, Indian leopards, Indian tigers, golden langurs, Assamese macaques, slow loris, hoolock gibbons, barking deer, sloth bears, smooth-coated otters, sambar deer, black panthers, hog deer and chitals.
The population of Royal Bengal Tiger in Manas Tiger Reserve Assam in continuously increasing currently there are 60 Bengal tigers are there apart from the mammals the park is the home of 450 species of birds , the Bengal florican is the most endangered species of bird found here in the Manas Tiger Reserve Assam, other major species are brahminy ducks, bulbuls, jungle fowl, great hornbills, kalij pheasant, egrets, pelicans, fishing eagles, crested serpent eagles, falcons, scarlet minivet, bee-eaters, magpie robins, pied hornbill, grey hornbills, Indian peafowl, herons, and ospreys.
Manas Tiger Reserve Assam can be explored in, either way, you can explore the wildlife through a private jeep or vehicle as here there is no provision for Government vehicle with an official guard who can assist you inside the jungle roads, the private vehicles are available from Mathanguri gate. During the jungle safari, the vehicle should not be driven not more than 30 km per hour speed and only you have to follow the prescribed route, no overtaking of vehicles is permitted. You can explore the wildlife by sitting on the elephant , this way it is quite convenient that you will be able to enter into these areas where the vehicle could not, by choosing this option you might able to spot some wildlife in the Manas Tiger Reserve Assam whereas through jeep safari the wildlife spotting is not guaranteed especially to spot the big cats. If you are a rafting lover Manas Tiger Reserve Assam gives you the chance to rafting on the blue clean water of Manas national park in between Mathanguri and Bispani an area of 35 kilometers which gives a thrilling expedition. If you are a nature lover and wants to spend a day in the nature retreat there are some resorts and guest house inside the Manas Tiger Reserve Assam near Mathangudi where one can take a night halt to enjoy the beautiful nature, especially the view from the balcony of the resort is breathtaking in the early morning and evening hours.
In a short word we can tell that Manas Tiger Reserve Assam can be explored for a one and half day trip for a suitable and convenient exploration and if you were lucky you can spot a wild tiger by luck but one can see other animals inside the park.The best time to visit Manas Tiger Reserve Assam is in between October to April, monsoon seasons are highly avoided, we wish you very best of luck with your wildlife expedition.